What’s in this Freight Paper?
- What liftgates are, and when they are needed
- Liftgate limitations with dimensions and weight
- Pallet jacks, forklifts, and other miscellaneous items
In this definitive guide to liftgates in LTL shipping, we’ll touch on all the topics you’ll need to know to be confident in your knowledge of liftgates, and how they affect most LTL shipments. For more information, download our Guide to Residential Shipping, and our Beginner’s Guide to Freight Shipping. Both Free in our Freight Papers archive.
What is a Liftgate?Simply put, a liftgate is a lift device installed on the back of a truck, designed to assist the raising and lowering of freight from the back of the truck to the ground, and vice versa. Liftgates are not present on all trucks, so if one is needed, special arrangements must be made before the freight is scheduled to pickup or deliver.
Are Liftgates complimentary?Most of the time, freight liftgates are not complimentary. There are occasional freight carriers that offer the service as part of a FAK, or some other agreement between broker and carrier, but this is not the norm. There are two separate charges for using a liftgate at both pickup and delivery. The price varies greatly depending on carrier, with some being as low as $40, and others ballooning to over $100. Check with your freight broker for a more precise cost if you need a liftgate.
When are Liftgates needed?Liftgates are most often used in the absence of a shipping dock, or forklift. Because of this, the majority of residential deliveries require a freight liftgate. There are other instances of liftgate use as well, but generally speaking, residential pickups and deliveries will always require a liftgate. If a liftgate is not employed during residential shipping, the shipper or consignee will most likely be charged additional hand-unloading fees by the freight carrier. Liftgate charges can sometimes be avoided by picking up or delivering the freight directly to the closest operating carrier terminal, though this requires additional time and equipment on the shipper or consignee’s part (pickup trucks, gas prices, etc.). These costs will not be included in the original freight quote, and will not be the responsibility of the carrier or broker.
What are the limitations of a Liftgate?If you do need a liftgate, there are a few parameters you must be aware of. Most liftgates can handle freight that is equal to or less than 96 inches wide, and 48 inches deep. This means that standard-sized pallets can easily be used with a liftgate. The weight limit on a standard liftgate is 2500 lbs. If your freight exceeds these dimensions or weight, special accommodations can sometimes be arranged. Contact your freight broker for more information.
- Liftgate weight limit: ranges from 1,500 lbs to 3,500 lbs
- Standard LTL liftgate dimensions: ranges from 80 inches to 89 inches wide; 30 inches to 70 inches deep